Australia $10 - 1993    Click to enlarge
New Note Series - Ten Dollars - 1993.

Once polymer notes were circulating in quantity, the RBA was able to liaise with high volume cash handlers and other special interest groups to review the handling characteristics of polymers. It also received feedback from members of the public and various organisations. Technology also improved and changes in response to these findings and enhancements were incorporated in this note and in future issues including the $5.

Hence different printing techniques were introduced to permit more ink to be placed on the note. A raised surface was thus created providing a better grip. A thicker clear overcoating was applied to the note to improve feel and handling.

Orientation bands were introduced with this note to assist cash handlers in the sorting process and hence determination of the orientation of notes in a bundle.

AA 93 000000 - $10 - Front - P52a, Mc401 & R316
AA 93 000000 - $10 - Front - P52a, Mc401 & R316
AA 93 000000 - $10 - Back - P52a, Mc401 & R316
AA 93 000000 - $10 - Back - P52a, Mc401 & R316
Note: See above for background information on this issue.

Designed by Max Robinson, the front features Andrew "Banjo" Patterson, Australia's leading bush poet. His two most famous works are "Waltzing Matilda" and "The Man from Snowy River". To the left of Patterson, "The Man" (from Snowy River) is rounding up brumbies which emerge over Patterson's left shoulder. The opening lines of "The Man from Snowy River" are printed at the bottom of the note: "There was movement at the station for the word had passed around, That the colt from Old Regret had got away".

Dame Mary Gilmore is depicted on the back of the note - twice. Once as a young woman and in the background, a Dobell portrait of her in her later years. Gilmore was a celebrated author, poet, and social reformer campaigning for voting rights for women, relief of the poor and disadvantaged through a government welfare system and improved treatment of aborigines. In the 1890's she spent several years in a utopian community established in Paraguay.

A bullock dray with bales of wool is also shown. Images of homesteads or other outback buildings are shown at far left and right. An outback woman with a hat features as the orange merges into the blue towards the left. The profile of an extract from one of Gilmore's poems is at the extreme left: "No foe shall gather our harvest or sit on our stockyard rail".

Security Features:

Those discrete to this note include:
(a) A clear window containing a windmill which can be seen from both sides of the note.
(b) When the note is held up to the light, the seven pointed Commonwealth Star becomes visible with four points on the front registering perfectly with three on the back.
(c) An image of the Australian Coat of Arms in the underprint can be seen when the note is angled to the light. It is on the front of the note between "Waltzing Matilda" and Patterson's portrait. Because of the colouring of the note, the image is less obvious on this note than on other denominations.
(d) The serial number is printed twice in blue on the back in differing fonts. Modern Extended is used for the upper left number and Butsch Grotesque for the lower right number.
(e) Micro-printing of extracts from the works of Patterson in a rectangular format encompassing his portrait and from the works of Gilmore to the left of her portrait. "TEN DOLLARS" is interspersed in most lines in each of these extracts.
(f) Intricate, multi-coloured fine - line patterns and images are present on each side. When exposed to ultraviolet light, the serial numbers fluoresce.

The "Blue" and "Grey" Dobell:

Notes printed in 1993 and 1994 exhibit colour variations in the area of the Gilmore portraits (as a young woman and in later years by Dobell) ranging from a dark blue to a steel grey. Initially a dark blue ink was used which tended to break down thereby creating a self - soiling effect. A mirror image of the denomination numeral "10" appears on the back of the note underneath the top left serial number and parts of the words " TEN DOLLARS " may appear below the serial number at bottom right. This is similar to a wet ink transfer which may arise during the printing process.

This image was certainty not meant to be there and NPA through 1993 and 1994 used lighter shades of blue eventually settling on a shade of blue which suited. Dobell's portrait changed from a blue to a steel grey in this process. A number of shades of blue exist for the 1993 & 1994 notes. Having settled on a shade, NPA has maintained it through to the most recent, 1998, issue

First and Last Prefixes:
Because of the impact of the blue/grey colour varieties there is a price differentiation for some of these prefixes.
Fraser / Evans signatures -
1993 dated notes:AA 93 (first) with dark blue and grey Dobell with intermediate shades.
 KE 93 (last). The colour range requires clarification.
1994 dated notes:AA 94 (first) with blue and grey Dobell.
 DF 94 (last) with blue and grey Dobell.
There were no $10 notes issued for circulation in 1995. Folder varieties (including AA 96 with a Fraser - Evans signatures) were issued.
Macfarlane / Evans signatures -
1996 dated notes:AA 96 (first) to DF 96 (last).
1997 dated notes:AA 97 (first) to DF 97 (last).
1998 dated notes:AA 98 (first) to GL 98 (last).
Because of the durability of polymer and some stock piling by RBA for Y2K, there are no $10 circulating notes dated 1999, 2000 or 2001. Notes dated 1999 are available in collector folders.

Modified Issue - 2002
Modified Issue - 2002 - Ten Dollars - P New, Mc403 & R319 - Front
Modified Issue - 2002 - Ten Dollars - P New, Mc403  & R319 - Front
Modified Issue - 2002 - Ten Dollars - P New, Mc403  & R319
P New, Mc403 and R319

(Note: see above for description and security details for this issue.)

In September 2002, a modified version of the $10 was released by RBA.

In response to a significant number of queries from the public, RBA decided to print the names of the people depicted on its notes. Whilst each portrait is accompanied by the person's autograph in the design of the note, some are difficult to read. It also restored the pre 1984 signature order with the Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia now preceding the Secretary to the Treasury reading from top to bottom. Given that the RBA is the issuer, it is appropriate that the signature of its Chief Executive has precedence.

It is interesting, and fitting, that Paterson is referred to by his commonly known nick name "Banjo" on this modified version whereas his signature is AB Paterson on both the original and modified notes .

These changes commenced with the Federation $5, were continued with the $20 in March 2002 and will be introduced to other denominations as production of new notes is required. Changes to the $20 and the $10 coincide with the new Macfarlane - Henry Signature variety.

All security and design features otherwise seem to be the same, including fluorescing characteristics. This issue does use the changed opacifying inks which were experimented with in the 1996 $100 and 1997 $5 Test Notes. It is possible however that there are some other subtle changes.

The first prefix is AA02. A last (year) prefix is yet to be announced.

Catalogue No:P52a and b being signature varieties.
Mc401 and Mc402 being signature varieties.
R316 and 318 being signature varieties.
Modified issue introduced in 2002: P New, Mc403 and R319.
Precise Date of Issue:1st November, 1993.
Numbers Issued:Not Known.
Maximum numbers ( 999,999) were not issued for every prefix.
Prefix Range:Refer above.
Signatures:1993 to 1994 dated notes: P52a, Mc401 and R316.
Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia -
Bernie Fraser (18th September 1989 to 17th September, 1996.)
Secretary to the Treasury -
Edward (Ted) Evans. (24 March, 1993 to 26th April, 2001.)

1996 to 1998 dated notes: P52b, Mc402 and R318.
Governor: Ian Macfarlane 18th September, 1996 to date.
Secretary : Evans as above.

Modified 2002 dated notes: PNew, Mc403 and R319.
Governor: Ian Macfarlane as above.
Secretary: Ken Henry. 27th April 2001 to date.

Colour:Blue, grey and orange.
Dimensions:137 x 65 mm. 7 mm longer than the $5.
Printer:Note Printing Australia on Guardian polymer substrate.
Specimens:AA 93 official specimens were issued. Forty-five AA 93 notes with a 000000 serial number but without "SPECIMEN" overprint also exist.
Forty five Macfarlane-Evans notes in the prefix range AA 99 to DF 99 with 000000 serials but without the "SPECIMEN" overprint were released.
Replacements:No. Australia ceased to issue replacement notes in 1972.
Country Ranking:Australia is the first country to issue a NPA polymer note.
Printing Method:Intaglio.
Sheet Size:45 notes per sheet.
Product:For non - commemorative circulating notes, the product released is outlined under a separate heading at the end of the Australian section.
Pending Issue:

A modified $10 will be introduced most likely expected by October / November 2002. People featured on the notes will have their name printed underneath (instead of relying solely on their signature) and the official signature order on the existing $10 will be reversed. This change will coincide with the planned release of a Macfarlane Henry signature combination.