Australia $20     Click to enlarge
Twenty Dollars 1994. Includes modified $20 - 2002.
Issued: 31st October, 1994.

Designed by Garry Emery, Mary Reibey, who arrived in Sydney in 1792 as a 15 year old convict, features on the front of this note. She subsequently married and after the premature death of her husband inherited numerous businesses and properties, including the schooner "Mercury" which is depicted on the left of the note. To the right is a building in George Street Sydney, the main street, which was at one time owned by Reibey.

(A central Sydney building also owned by Reiby was the initial office of Australia's first bank, the Bank of New South Wales, when founded in 1817. This bank is now one of Australia's major commercial banks having changed its name in the early 1980's to Westpac Banking Corporation. It was responsible for Australia's first formal bank note issue in April 1817 and it and banks which later joined with it through merger or acquisition were significant issuers of currency in Australia for the next 90 years.)

On the back is John Flynn, "Flynn of the Inland" a Presbyterian minister whose tireless work for isolated communities in Australia's far flung areas resulted in the establishment of the Royal Flying Doctor Service. The "Victory," a De Havilland 50 leased from QANTAS flew the first Flying Doctor mission in May 1928, is the plane depicted to the left of the note. Below the plane is a pedal transceiver wireless set used on outback stations for communication including the "School of the Air" which bought education to children in isolated areas. A "Where Does It Hurt" body chart for medical diagnosis by numbers over the pedal wireless is also shown. A Flynn Boundary Rider or Patrol Padre mounted on a camel is shown at the right.

Orientation bands to assist in note sorting are on the front and back.

There are rows of white geometric shapes above and through the aeroplane. From year to year some rows tend to become less distinct.

AA94 $20 Front - P53a, Mc501 & R416
AA94 $20 Front - P53a, Mc501 & R416
AA94 $20 Back - P53a, Mc501 & R416
AA94 $20 Back - P53a, Mc501 & R416
Security Features:

(a) A clear window contains a nautical and aeronautical compass. The denomination numeral "20" is embossed twice. These features can be seen from both sides of the note.
(b) When the note is held up to the light, the seven pointed Commonwealth Star becomes visible with four points on the front registering perfectly with three on the back.
(c) An image of the Australian Coat of Arms to the left of the denomination numeral on the front can be seen when it is held up to the light. This is similar to a watermark.
(d) The serial number is printed twice in black on the back in differing fonts. Modern Extended is used at upper left and Butsch Grotesque at lower right of the note.
(e) Micro-printing of "TWENTY DOLLARS" in 31 lines on Reibey's "bonnet" and in 35 lines under the aeroplane. Lines are in whole or in part.
(f) Intricate, multi-coloured fine-line patterns and images are present on each side.
(g) Serial numbers fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light. A box containing the denomination numeral appears under the printed denomination numeral at front right under ultraviolet light.

First and Last Prefixes:
Fraser - Evans signatures-
1994 dated notes:AA 94 (first) to PE 94 (last).
1995 dated notes:AA 95 (first) to DA 95 (last).
1996 dated notes:AA 96 (first) to DA 96 (last).
Macfarlane / Evans signatures-
1997 dated notes:AA97 (first) to GB 97 (last).
1998 dated notes:AA98 (first) to DA 98 (last).
Because of the durability of polymer and stock piling for Y2K, there are no $20 circulating notes dated 1999, 2000 or 2001. Notes dated 1999 are available in collector folders. There are other collector folders issued from time to time.

Modified Issue - 2002 Twenty Dollars.

CA02 $20 Front - P New, Mc503 & R419
CA02 $20 Front - P New, Mc503 & R419
CA02 $20 Back - P New, Mc503 & R419
CA02 $20 Back  - P New, Mc503 & R419
Note: Scroll up for Description and Security Features.

Towards the end of March 2002, a modified version of the $20 was released by RBA.

In response to a significant number of queries from the public, RBA decided to print the names of the people depicted on its notes. Whilst each portrait is accompanied by the person's autograph, some are difficult to read. It also restored the pre 1984 signature order with the Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia now preceding the Secretary to the Treasury reading from top to bottom.

These changes commenced with the Federation $5 and will be introduced to other denominations as production of new notes is required. Changes to the $20 coincide with the new Macfarlane - Henry Signature variety.

All security and design features otherwise seem to be the same, including fluorescing characteristics. It is possible however that there are some subtle changes.

First and Last Prefixes:
Macfarlane - Henry signatures-
2002 dated notes: AA 02 (first) to KM 02 (last). The letter "I" has been dropped and this serial number sequencing represents 3 sheets of 40 notes each. Maximum numbers may not have been issued for each prefix.
Catalogue No:P53a and b being signature varieties.
Mc501 and Mc502 being signature varieties.
R416 and 418 being signature varieties.

Modified issue introduced in 2002: P New, Mc503 and R419.

Precise Date of Issue:31st October, 1994.
End of March 2002 for modified $20.
Numbers Issued:Not known. Maximum numbers (999,999) were not issued for every prefix.
Prefix Range:Refer above.
Signatures:1994 to 1996 dated notes: P53a, Mc501 and R416.
Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia -
Bernie Fraser (18th September 1989 to 17th September, 1996.)
Secretary to the Treasury -
Edward (Ted) Evans. (24 March, 1993 to 26th April, 2001.)

1997 to 1998 dated notes: P53b, Mc502 and R418.
Governor: Ian Macfarlane 18th September, 1996 to date.
Secretary: Evans as above.
2002 dated notes: PNew, Mc503 and R419.
Governor: Ian Macfarlane as above.
Secretary: Ken Henry. 27th April 2001 to date.

Dimensions:144 x 65mm. 7 mm longer than the $10.
Printer:Note Printing Australia on Guardian polymer substrate.
Specimens:AA 94 official specimens were issued. Forty AA 94 000000 notes without the "SPECIMEN" overprint were released.
A further forty Macfarlane - Henry notes with the prefix range AA 02 to DD 02 with 000000 serial numbers but without "SPECIMEN" overprint also entered the market.
Replacements:No. Australia ceased to issue replacement notes in 1972.
Country Ranking:Australia is the first country to issue a NPA polymer note.
Printing Method:Intaglio.
Sheet Size:40 notes per sheet.
Product:For non - commemorative circulating notes, the product released is outlined under a separate heading at the end of the Australian section.