Australia $50 - 1995.    Click to enlarge
New Note Series: Fifty Dollars - 1995.
Issued: 4th October, 1995.
Description:

Designed by Brian Sadgrove the front of the note depicts David Unaipon. It would be fair to say that most Australians had not heard of him until this note arrived. He patented a number of inventions including advanced clippers for shearing sheep, the plans of which are portrayed to the right of his portrait. Unaipon was the first Aboriginal writer to be published and an extract from the handwritten preface to his “Legendary Tales of the Aborigines” is shown. It reads: “As a full-blooded member of my race I think I may claim to be the first, but I hope not the last, to produce an enduring record of our customs beliefs and imaginings.“ The Mission Church and an Aboriginal couple at Point McLeay, South Australia, where Unaipon was educated is shown at the left of the note

Edith Cowan was a social worker and the first female parliamentarian in 1921 when she was elected to the Western Australia State Parliament. She was active in promoting improved conditions for women, migrants and disadvantaged children. Her portrait appears on the back of this note. The building at the top left is the Western Australian Parliament House as it was when Cowan was a member it is substantially different today. To the right of Cowan is a foster mother with four State wards and Cowan at a lectern as she often was championing one of her causes.

Orientation bands are included on the front and back to assist in note sorting.

AA95 $50 Front - P54a, Mc601 & R516
AA95 $50 Front - P54a, Mc601 & R516
AA95 $50 Back - P54a, Mc601 & R516


Security Features:Those discrete to this note include:
(a) A clear window larger than that on lower denominations contains the Southern Cross and the denomination numeral "50" embossed twice. Both features are visible from either side of the note.
(b) When the note is held up to the light, the seven pointed Commonwealth Star becomes visible with four points on the front registering perfectly with three on the back.
(c) An image of the Australian Coat of Arms to the left of the denomination numeral on the front can be seen when it is held up to the light. This is similar to a watermark.
(d) The serial number is printed twice, in blue (top left) and in black (bottom right) on the back in differing fonts. Modern Extended is used at upper left and Butsch Grotesque at lower right.
(e) Micro-printing of “FIFTY DOLLARS” in 27 diagonal lines under Unaipon’s portrait, in 39 horizontal lines above and below the Mission Church. and in 29 diagonal lines by Cowan’s lectern. Lines are in whole or in part.
(f) Intricate, multi-coloured fine-line patterns and images are present on each side.
(g) Serial numbers fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light. A box containing the denomination numeral appears under the printed denomination numeral at front right under ultraviolet light.


First and Last Prefixes:
Fraser / Evans -
1995 dated note:AA 95 (first) to VG 95 (last).
1996 dated note:AA 96 (first) to DA 96 (last).
Macfarlane / Evans -
1997 dated note:AA 97 (first) to JC 97 (last).
1998 dated note:AA 98 (first) to JC 98 (last).
1999 dated note:AA 99 (first). Last is understood to be PE 99.
No notes were dated 2000 or 2001. Stock piling for Y2K ensured that sufficient supplies were still on hand.

Specifications
Catalogue No:P54a and b being signature varieties.
Mc601 and Mc602 being signature varieties.
R516 and 518 being signature varieties.
Precise Date of Issue:4th October, 1995.
Numbers Issued:Not known. Maximum numbers (999,999) were not issued for every prefix.
Prefix Range:Refer above.
Signatures:1995 to 1996 dated notes: P54a, Mc601 and R516.
Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia -
Bernie Fraser (18th September 1989 to 17th September, 1996.)
Secretary to the Treasury -
Edward (Ted) Evans. (24 March, 1993 to 26th April, 2001.)
1997 to 1999 dated notes: P54b, Mc602 and R518.
Governor: Ian Macfarlane 18th September, 1996 to date.
Secretary : Evans as above.
Colour:Gold.
Dimensions:151 x 65 mm. 7 mm longer than the $20.
Printer:Note Printing Australia on Guardian polymer substrate.
Specimens:AA 95 official specimens were issued.
Forty notes with AA 95 000000 serial number but without the “SPECIMEN” overprint were released. Additionally forty serial Macfarlane Evans notes in the prefix range AA 99 to DA 99 with 000000 numbers but without “SPECIMEN”were released.
Replacements:No. Australia ceased to use replacement notes in 1972.
Country Ranking:Australia is the first country to issue a NPA polymer note.
Printing Method:Intaglio.
Sheet Size:40 notes per sheet.
Product:For non - commemorative circulating notes, the product released is outlined under a separate heading at the end of the Australian section.

Pending Issue:

A further modified $50 will be introduced most likely within the next 12 months or so. People featured will have their name printed underneath (instead of relying solely on their signature) and the official signature order on the existing $50 will be reversed. This change will coincide with the planned release of a Macfarlane Henry signature combination.